John Woodland Crisfield (1806 – 1897) was a U.S. Congressman from Maryland, representing the sixth district from 1847—1849 and the first district from 1861—1863. Politically he was a strong supporter of the Union during American Civil War, opposing moves towards Maryland's secession. However he supported the institution of slavery and worked to prevent its abolition in Maryland.
He was instrumental in building the Eastern Shore Railroad and served as president, connecting it to the fishing town of Somers Cove which was growing rapidly due to the seafood industry there. This town was renamed Crisfield in his honor. A rural road in Princess Anne, called Crisfield Lane and passing next to his homeplace, 'Edge Hill', is also named after him. He died in Princess Anne in 1897, and is interred in Manokin Presbyterian Cemetery.